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IT Terminology: Do You "Speak Geek?"

10 Jan, 2006 By: Eric Stavola, Witt Company imageSource

IT Terminology: Do You "Speak Geek?"

I am not asking if you can name
every single Ewok from “Return of the Jedi” or converse in Klingon, but are you
able to grasp all your day-to-day encounters with IT in regards to connectivity.
Could you answer these questions:

• What protocol does it use?

• Is it LDAP capable?

• Does the unit need SMTP authentication?

If you answered yes to these questions, whip out your Spock ears and immediately
head to the nearest Star Trek convention. However, if you are like many copier
dealers, you may need a little refresher in what is quickly becoming our
industry’s new vocabulary.

Below are some definitions of commonly used terms in our business today to help
aid in your next conversation with information technology personnel.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a service that allows IT
personnel to automatically assign IP (Internet Protocol) addresses to an
organization’s network. Each machine that can connect to the Internet needs a
unique IP address. Without DHCP, the IP address must be entered manually at each
computer in an organization.

Dpi (dots per inch) is a printing term that describes the number of dots
per inch that are used to create an image, and is the measure of printed image
quality on the paper.


(File Transfer Protocol) is a standard Internet protocol that is the easiest way
to exchange files between computers on the Internet.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is the set of rules for transferring
files, including text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files,
on the World Wide Web.

LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a software protocol for
enabling anyone to locate organizations, individuals, and other resources such
as files and devices in a network.

Lightsaber is the prime weapon of the Jedi Knight.

OCR (Optical Character Recognition) involves computer software designed
to translate images of typewritten text or pictures of characters, usually
captured by a scanner, into machine-editable text.

Ping is a basic Internet program that lets you verify that a particular
IP address exists and can accept requests.

POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3) is a client/server protocol in which email
is received and held for you by the Internet server. This standard protocol is
built into most popular email products such as Outlook Express.

Protocol is a certain set of rules used in information technology for

Sith are the evil counterparts to the Jedi.

SMB (Server Message Block) is a protocol for sharing files, printers,
serial ports, and communications. Using the SMB protocol, the user of an
application can access files at a remote server.

SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is a protocol for sending and
receiving email messages between servers.

SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is the protocol governing
network management and the monitoring of network devices and their functions. It
is the protocol of choice for TCP/IP-based networks.

Static address is an IP address that is permanently assigned to a

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is the basic
communication language or protocol of the Internet. When you are set up with
direct access to the Internet, your computer is provided with a copy of the
TCP/IP program.

A number of these terms will help you understand the IT better and a few will
simply help you make some good conversation. But these words are just the tip of
the iceberg and only are intended to assist you in your quest to speaking geek.

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